Due to their unique chemical identity, the nanoparticles can be used as broad or specific-spectrum antimicrobial agents through a mechanism of in situ inhibition of bacterial proliferation and controlling the spread of the bacterial disease without triggering a resistance to the treatment.
The nanoparticles can be applied to different settings with a dual effect: to prevent bacterial attachment and to disrupt and inhibit proliferation of the pathogens. To do so, the nanoparticles can be employed as sole therapeutics, nanocoatings, or can be embedded in organic and aqueous-like solvents for easy applicability. Besides, they do not elicit resistance to the treatment as happens with traditional antibiotics.
- No development of quick resistance
- Environmentally-friendly antimicrobial